What does healthy eating mean?
What does healthy eating mean?
In the era of the web, with the amount of advice, diets and recipes in circulation, and not to mention the influence of various schools of thought that often oppose or shape traditional scientific-academic research in their favor, the concept of “healthy eating” has become increasingly confused.
The question actually has wider implications than our daily dilemma of what to put on the table, and so, in the US for example (but not only!). The research bodies have proposed rules that act as a “guarantee” of correctness for the your diet.
Nutritional balance is a fundamental concept in nutrition. It represents a parameter that measures the proportions of individual nutrients and nutritional components to be taken with each meal.
In fact, each nutrient has a very specific function for our body and this is the reason why researchers have tried to determine our average real needs. But clearly defining the nutritional balance is not so simple because the needs also vary according to age, sex, lifestyle and other subjective factors such as muscle structure, metabolism or hereditary diseases. In addition, nutrients and nutritional components are really many and all of fundamental importance.
The fundamental ones we have heard of them all at least once and are: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and non-vitamin antioxidants. To get an idea about the recommended quantities for intake and thus understand the notion of nutritional balance, just think of the food pyramid. Understanding how much and when to eat the various ingredients is in fact the first step towards a healthy diet.
Why eat healthy?
The topic of nutrition is not so simple but at this point you are wondering: what are the benefits of healthy eating? Let’s start saying that eating healthy only serves to lose weight to get into the gala dress or in view of your well-deserved vacation. Following a balanced diet means rather feeling good about yourself every day, without giving up the pleasure of a good meal. Unfortunately, we often forget that a balanced diet involves first of all optimising the supply of nutrients and components that meet the needs of our body.
It happens in fact that due to incorrect nutrition, deficiencies occur that our body, designed by Mother Nature as a perfect machine, manages to compensate independently. In some cases however, these imbalances lead to side effects both in the short run; such as lowering energy levels or mood swings, both in the long term; such as the development of diseases such as diabetes, food allergies, arthritis or cancer. But the effects of a nutritional imbalance don’t just affect people who eat junk food. In fact, even those who are convinced that they are eating healthy but limit themselves to always consuming the same foods have deficiencies in some essential nutrients. So what to do?
As we had already anticipated, the first step towards proper nutrition is to pay attention to what nutrients we consume. The aim is in fact to promote not only physical balance, removing the risks of diseases and eating disorders, but also to support the mental one.
Eat healthy to feel good
Eating healthy is not only a good practice for our health. It is an attitude, a responsible attitude to be taken towards your body. You start by varying your diet at each meal, listening to the signals emitted by the brain before eating and above all not being constantly obsessed with what the dish contains.
Eating healthy also means paying attention to cooking and preserving food to take advantage of all the nutrients and not to risk indigestion.
Eating healthy, as well as respecting the demands of your body, also means knowing how to choose products whose environmental impact is as sustainable as possible. What is certainly not a symptom of a balanced diet are attitudes of renunciation or deprivation such as: skipping breakfast or another meal, never consuming a certain food, dieting intermittently or at worst taking drugs to lose weight.